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English Lesson – Prepositions

noiembrie 3

ON – prep. atop; as a part of; toward; from
ABOVE – prep. over; higher than; more than
1. a tiny window above the door: OVER, higher (up) than; on top of, atop, on, upon.

2. those above the rank of Colonel: SUPERIOR TO, senior to, over, higher (up) than, more powerful than; in charge of, commanding.
3.you must be above suspicion: BEYOND, not liable to, not open to, not vulnerable to, out of reach of; immune to, exempt from.
4. the Chinese valued pearls above gold: MORE THAN, over, before, rather than, in preference to, instead of.
5. an increase above the rate of inflation: GREATER THAN, more than, higher than, exceeding, in excess of, over, over and above, beyond, surpassing, upwards of.

UNDER – prep. below, beneath; less than; controlled by; according to; in the process of; during the period of authority of
1. they hid under a bush: BENEATH, below, underneath.
2. the rent is under £250: LESS THAN, lower than, below.
3. branch managers are under the retail director: SUBORDINATE TO, junior to, inferior to, subservient to, answerable to, responsible to, subject to, controlled by.
4. forty homes are under construction: UNDERGOING, in the process of.
5. the town was under water: FLOODED BY, immersed in, submerged by, sunk in, engulfed by, inundated by.
6. our finances are under pressure: SUBJECT TO, liable to, at the mercy of.

BELOW – prep. under

1.the water rushed below them: BENEATH, under, underneath, further down than, lower than.
2. the sum is below average: LESS THAN, lower than, under, not as much as, smaller than.
3. a captain is below a major: LOWER THAN, under, inferior to, subordinate to, subservient to.

NEXT TO – prep. beside, near, by

NEAR – prep. close to; in the vicinity

1. a hotel near the seafront: CLOSE TO, close by, a short distance from, in the vicinity of, in the neighbourhood of, within reach of, a stone’s throw away from;

 

AT – prep. in, on, near; indicating time or location; toward

1. expressing location or arrival in a particular place or position.
2. expressing the time when an event takes place.
3. expressing attendance of an educational institution or a workplace.
4. denoting a particular point or segment on a scale. referring to someone’s age.
5. expressing a particular state or condition. expressing a relationship between an individual and a skill.
6. expressing the object or target of a look, shot, action, or plan. expressing an incomplete or attempted action.
7. expressing the means by which something is done.

IN -  prep. into; within; inside; inward

1. she was hiding in a wardrobe: INSIDE, within, in the middle of; surrounded by, enclosed by.
2. he was covered in mud: WITH, by.
3. he put a fruit gum in his mouth: INTO, inside.
4. they met in 1921: DURING, in the course of, over.
5. I’ll see you in half an hour: AFTER, at the end of, following; within, in less than, in under.
6. a tax of ten pence in the pound: TO, per, every, each.

TO – prep. toward; for; in contrast with; in order to

1.expressing direction or position in relation to a location, point, or condition. chiefly Brit. (in telling the time) before (the hour specified).
2.identifying the person or thing affected.
3.identifying a relationship between one person or thing and another. indicating a rate of return: ten miles to the gallon.
4.indicating that two things are attached.
5.governing a phrase expressing someone’s reaction: to her astonishment, he smiled.
6.used to introduce the second element in a comparison.
7.placed before a debit entry in accounting.

FOR – prep. to; in order to; in favor of; about, regarding; because; during, during the span of; in consideration of; on behalf of

1. in favour of.
2.affecting or with regard to.
3.on behalf of or to the benefit of.
4.having as a purpose or function.
5.having as a reason or cause.
6.having as a destination.
7.representing.
8.in exchange for. charged as (a price).
9.in relation to the expected norm of.
10.indicating the extent of (a distance) or the length of (a period of time).
11.indicating an occasion in a series.

 

Diferente UK si US

 

Lista prepozitii in limba engleza

Business English Lesson 9

octombrie 21

Globalisation - def. (noun) the process by which businesses or other organizations start operating on a global scale.

Traducere – Globalizare

Infrastructure - def. (noun) the basic physical and organizational structures (e.g. buildings, roads, power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.

Traducere – Infrastructură

Issues - def. problems within an organization or company

Traducere – probleme, chestiuni

Profitability - state of producing earnings; state of being financially rewarding; beneficialness, advantageousness

Wikipedia says: Profitability is a technical analysis term used to compare performances of different trading systems or different investments within one system. The following definition was published in the journal Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities Magazine:

Profitability = nProfits/nTrades – 1/(1+aveProfit/aveLoss)
This is computed for each system or investment being compared over the same period long enough to include significant “ups” and “downs”. A suitable period is something like the last 5 to 20 years.
Traducere – Profitabilitate

Welfare Benefits – def. financial aid and other assistance provided by government or other agencies to people who are unemployed or in financial need

Traducere – ajutoare sociale

Flight of Capital - def. (n.) (Econmics, Finance) money or securities invested abroad because of the fear of risks or political instability of the holder’s specific counry or because there are higher returns in the country abroad

Traducere – scurgere de capital